Der Einfluss von Lebensform und Arbeitsgestaltung auf die Gründungsaktivität von Frauen und den Gründungserfolg von selbstständigen Unternehmerinnen - Eine vergleichende Literaturanalyse - Sabrina Günther
The influence of life form and working creation on the foundation activity of
women and the foundation success of women business owners
A lot of studies have revealed direct evidence of substantial gender differences for
individuals becoming self-employed. Motivated by the rising importance of female
self-employment, this diploma thesis compares studies, which search for the impact
of lifestyle and work structuring on the probability of becoming self-employed and
the entrepreneurial success of self-employed women.
Despite recent increases in the amount of work in the home done by men, most of
this work is still performed by women. This thesis investigates whether women turn
to self-employment as one way of coping with conflicting family and work pressures.
Most, but not all, of the studies in this field show that the existence of young children
increases the probability of women becoming self-employed. All studies reveal an
impact of lifestyle on self-employment, which strength depends on the institutional
basis conditions of each country. It was found that the lack of temporal resources due
to children diminishes the entrepreneurial success. In contrast, living with a partner
increases the probability of being self-employed and the entrepreneurial success in
case that the partner has a good financial background or makes his money in selfemployment.
Furthermore this thesis compares studies which deal with the organisation
of work, especially of self-employed women. In sum, a woman is more likely to
choose self-employment the greater her demand for flexibility and a non-standard
work week is. Regarding the impact of work organisation on the entrepreneurial
success of women, female entrepreneurs who invest a little more time in business are
more successful than women who invest more time in the household.
The comparison of all studies proves an impact of women’s lifestyle and work organisation
on the probability of becoming self-employed and their entrepreneurial
success. However, this impact is not as high as the impact of financial resources,
human capital and network resources.